Photo: The Old Primrose Colliery at Rhos (by Craig Bevan)

Cilybebill Coal Mining History

The publication Tareni Colliery is more than the history of this one mine. It is the coal mining history of the parish of Cilybebill and the communities of Rhos, Gellinudd, and Alltwen and of the vast mining enterprises that worked coal in Mynydd Marchywel over a 150-year period from the early 1800s up to the late 1940s. This mining heritage details the separate coalmines, the companies that operated them, the legal leases taken out to establish the mines, the various Royalties payable to the landowners for each type of coal brought to the surface, ie. Five pence per ton for Red Vein coals, six pence per ton for Peacock coals, and the additional cost of wayleaves for crossing the landowners land which was payable at an additional one penny per ton of minerals mined such as coal or fireclay.

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